Side effects related to mouth, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder.

nephrotoxicity and changes in glomerular filtration; incontinence; nausea; vomiting; pain; cramping; swelling; indigestion; inability to urinate; haemorrhoids; oedema; decreased appetite; diarrhoea; shortness of breath; dry; fatigue; oral pain; raised, tender, reddish nodules; ulcerative lesions; difficulty swallowing; difficulty speaking; compromised airway; dry mouth; cirrhosis of the liver; bowel & bladder changes; constipation; difficulty eating; mouth ulcers; reduction in salivary flow; dryness, redness, irritation to the mouth; changes in mouth and gums and throat and taste; painful swallow; thrush; candida; feel full quickly; delayed stomach emptying; bowel obstruction; bleeding gums; abdominal swelling; discomfort and increased waist size; difficulty breathing or shortness of breath; decreased appetite and a sense of fullness; abdominal pressure or pain; Indigestion; weight gain; constipation; abdominal distension; bloating; colitis; fistula; reflux or heartburn; dyspepsia; stoma output; flatulence; gastritis; proctitis; steatorrhea.

The following health professionals can help with Gastrointestinal side effects. Follow the links below to learn more.

Acupuncture Therapist:

Acupuncture Therapists are people skilled in the practice of acupuncture, which is a family of procedures involving stimulation of anatomical locations on or in the skin by a variety of techniques.


Acupuncture showed improved salivary flow rates and decreased xerostomia-related symptoms, suggesting that acupuncture treatment significantly minimized the severity of radiation-induced xerostomia. Hand acupuncture can be a potent alternative therapy for stress urinary incontinence.

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Cancer Exercise Therapist:

Cancer Exercise Therapist main role is to help people achieve optimal health by providing information and advice about exercise.


Physical activity programs showed improvements in constipation.

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Dieticians advise individuals on nutrition-related matters and can modify diets to treat or help manage chronic conditions, food allergies and food intolerances.


Dietitians provide individual dietary suggestions based on your nutrition difficulties. They will understand the reasons you may have a poor appetite, diarrhoea, feel full quickly, have taste changes, bloating or constipation among many other side effects. Dietitians provide advice to ensure you’re having appropriate calories, protein, fluid, electrolytes, & other nutrients.

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Exercise Physiologist:

Exercise Physiologists are university qualified allied health professionals, who specialise in clinical exercise interventions for persons at high-risk of developing, or with existing chronic and complex medical conditions and injuries. These interventions are provided by exercise delivery including health and physical activity education, advice and support and lifestyle modification with a strong focus on achieving behavioural change.


Physical activity helps to improve general digestion symptoms and severity of diarrhea.

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Naturopaths provide a complimentary medicine, by employing a wide array of “”natural”” treatments, including herbal medicine, diet and lifestyle counselling.


Studies suggest that ginger is effective for reducing chemotherapy-induced nausea and/or vomiting.

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Nutritionists main role is to help people achieve optimal health by providing information and advice about health and food choices.


Nutritional support is focused on maintaining adequate hydration, alleviating or controlling nausea and vomiting and preserving body weight and composition.

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Oncology Massage Therapist:

Oncology Massage Therapists are nationally and internationally recognised.


Collectively, they suggest that massage can alleviate a wide range of symptoms: pain, nausea, anxiety, depression, anger, stress and fatigue.

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Social Worker:

The role of the oncology social worker is to help patients, families, and caregivers deal with the experience of facing cancer. Social workers are educated and skilled to assist with the psychological, social, emotional, and spiritual issues that people have to deal with in oncology.


Hypnosis and supportive counselling were equally effective for reducing the severity of nausea and vomiting, and the extent to which these symptoms distressed patients.

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Yoga Instructor:

Yoga Instructors teach a Hindu spiritual and ascetic discipline, a part of which, including breath control, simple meditation, and the adoption of specific bodily postures, is widely practised for health and relaxation.


Following yoga, there was a significant decrease in post-chemotherapy-induced nausea frequency, nausea intensity, intensity of anticipatory nausea and anticipatory vomiting.

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