Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer. It is responsible for more cancer-related deaths than the total of the other common cancers such as breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer.1 Patients with lung cancer have a high mortality as well as high morbidity. In most of the patients, cancer-related symptoms are seen. These patients confront problems such as dyspnea, fatigue, pain, and cachexia especially in the late phase. These symptoms and problems that begin in the early phase compromise compliance with treatment causing poor physical functional condition accompanied by psychosocial disorders and briefly negatively affect the quality of life of patients with advanced lung cancer who have limited life expectancy.2,3 Pharmacological and nonpharmacological therapies focus on increasing physical function and improving quality of life.4 Pulmonary rehabilitation decreases respiratory symptoms and improves functional exercise capacity and increases quality of life, especially in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).5 Patients with lung cancer, like COPD, frequently suffer from symptoms such as dyspnea, fatigue, deconditioning, exercise intolerance, malnutrition, impaired life status, and quality. It has been found that COPD is present in 73% of male and 53% of female patients with lung cancer.6 It is obvious that when COPD accompanies the disease, the systemic effects of COPD (peripheral muscle dysfunction, osteoporosis, loss of nonfat body mass, anxiety, and depression) will intensify the symptoms and problems of lung cancer.7 The value of rehabilitation has been described in the context of thoracic surgery including lung resections, volume reduction surgery, and lung transplantation.5,8 However, in relation to patients with advanced lung cancer, there have been only a limited number of studies that explore the effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation. The adaptation and implementation of pulmonary rehabilitation is thought to be possible and effective.2,6,7,9–12 In this article, only the physiotherapy aspects of pulmonary rehabilitation applied to lung cancer will be discussed